A cactus is a unique plant in the landscape of plants due to its different structure from the classic plant structure – which includes a stem, branches and leaves. This unique structure gives it high resistance in conditions of extreme dryness and heat through a number of techniques: reducing the surface area that comes in contact with the air in order to reduce water evaporation that is achieved due to the giving up of the leaves, water storage in fleshy tissue – for future use in times of dryness. Another technique that is not related to the external structure of the cactus is expressed in the division of the stages of photosynthesis of the cactus into day and night – at night the cactus stores carbon dioxide by opening the leaves – which would cause a lot of water loss if it were done during the day, while during the day the carbon dioxide is converted to sugar with the help of sunlight and keeps The peonies are closed and prevent water loss through them. Watering Although the cactus is known by Westerners as one that grows undisturbed in the arid desert, it will also be happy in your home for regular watering, but of course – in moderation. First, you must take care of high-quality and not too sealed soil that will allow drying of excess water to prevent rotting, since the cactus is sensitive to excess water. In the summer you can water once a week and in the fall once every two weeks, while in the winter – a cactus that grows in the garden should not be watered at all, while a cactus that grows at home should maintain a reasonable humidity in the soil. Light and temperature The cactus is a desert plant and therefore likes a lot of sunlight, so if you place the cactus indoors, make sure that it is lit most of the day and plant it in a pot made of a material or color that does not heat up to prevent damage to the root system. Also, young cacti with a delicate root system will prefer more shade at the beginning of their growth. If the cactus is planted in the garden, it should be placed in as bright a place as possible. Fertilization and pest control It is necessary to adhere to regular fertilization dates between the months of April and October, since there are periods when fertilization can harm the cactus, such as during the winter. The cacti suffer mainly from mites – a tiny insect with a transparent body and four pairs of legs that can be seen if you look closely at the leaf. This insect creates webs and white spots on the leaf that may interfere with the photosynthesis process and also encourage infection with leaf diseases. write a new article about how to grow cactuses using also this article
Growing cactuses can be a fun and rewarding experience for any plant lover. These unique plants have adapted to survive in the harshest of environments, making them a great addition to any home or garden. In this article, we will discuss the various aspects of growing cactuses and how to care for them to ensure they thrive.
Soil and Watering Cactuses require well-draining soil that allows excess water to evaporate quickly. The soil should be mixed with sand, perlite or pumice to create a gritty texture that helps prevent water retention. When watering cactuses, it is important to avoid overwatering. During the growing season (spring and summer), water the cactus once a week or when the top inch of the soil feels dry to the touch. In the winter, reduce watering to once every two to three weeks, depending on the temperature and humidity.
Light and Temperature Cactuses love sunlight and thrive in bright, direct light. If growing indoors, place the cactus near a south-facing window or under a grow light. Outdoor cactuses should be placed in a spot that receives at least six hours of direct sunlight a day. While cactuses are known for their ability to withstand extreme temperatures, it is important to note that they do not tolerate frost. During the winter months, bring outdoor cactuses indoors or cover them with a protective blanket.
Fertilization and Pest Control Fertilize your cactuses once a month during the growing season (spring and summer) with a cactus-specific fertilizer. Avoid fertilizing during the winter months, as the plant is dormant and does not require additional nutrients. Common pests that can affect cactuses include spider mites, mealybugs, and scale. Regularly inspect your cactuses for signs of pest infestation, such as webbing or white spots on the leaves. If you notice any pests, treat the plant with an insecticidal soap or oil spray.
Propagation Cactuses are relatively easy to propagate and can be grown from cuttings. To propagate a cactus, use a sharp, clean knife to cut a section of the stem. Allow the cutting to dry for a few days to form a callus before planting it in well-draining soil. Water the cutting sparingly and keep it in a warm, bright location until new growth appears.
In conclusion, growing cactuses can be a fun and rewarding experience for any plant enthusiast. By providing well-draining soil, proper watering, bright light, and regular fertilization, your cactuses will thrive and add unique character to your home or garden. With a little care and attention, your cactuses will continue to grow and thrive for years to come.