The Pro Farmer

Theprofarmer

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All you need to know about making compost by yourself

Compost is a processed organic material, which is a basic and important component for feeding and fertilizing plants using the organic method. The compost we add to the soil enriches it with minerals, aerates the soil, improves drainage and prevents erosion. Compost is a product of organic residues that undergoes a decomposition process by insects, …

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Vegetables’ physiological problems

Sunscald – Appears when the fruit is exposed to direct strong sunlight, after being in the shade for an extended period of time. Reduce the intensity of the sun, by net shading, when the fruits reach the right size, or encourage good leaf growth. Cracking and splitting – The main factor that causes fruit cracking …

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Tomato pith necrosis

Caused by a bacterium in the soil called pseudomonas, it attacks only tomatoes and is expressed as brown /black lesions on infected stems and petioles. When stems are cut, the center of the stem (pith) may be extensively discolored, hollow, or degraded, causing wilt. It mainly attacks plants that are growing vigorously because of excessive …

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Bacterial leaf spot treatment

This disease is caused by four species of bacteria. It occurs in tomato and pepper. It causes leaf and fruit spots, which leads to defoliation, sun-scalded fruit, and yield loss. leaf lesions are initially circular and water-soaked and surrounded by a faint yellow halo. When the disease affects the young pepper plants, it causes severe …

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What beats slugs

They devour plant leaves and leave behind a slimy residue. The slug can follow any slime trail left from the night before. The trails make a highway straight to the plants. They feed on a wide range of host plants, but are especially partial to young, succulent plants. They are most active at night and …

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Secondary plant nutrients

Calcium, magnesium, and sulfur are essential plant nutrients. They are called “secondary” nutrients because plants require them in smaller quantities than nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Calcium (Ca) Calcium is an important component in the structure of protopectin, an essential sticky substance used as “cement”,holding the cells together and creating stability in the cell structure. It …

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Potassium for plants

Potassium is important for maintaining overall mechanical strength in the plant, it accumulates in the fruit and has a significant effect on its size and quality, especially from aspects of taste and shelf life. For example, a potassium-free tomato fruit will be soft and have a floury texture. Lack of potassium will impair crop and …

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Phosphorous for plants

Phosphorous is used by plants largely for root growth, development and in the process of seed germination. And also, in the formation of buds, flowers, fruits and vegetables. Flowers that are well fed with phosphorus will have more blooms, and fruits ripen better and faster. Phosphorus availability is of great importance especially at the beginning …

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